Fish keeping is a superb pasttime. When most people picture keeping fish, they think of a goldfish in a bowl. Having said that, a bowl is just not an appropriate location for a fish if you ever expect them to thrive or even survive. Once one realizes that, an aquarium pops into mind and a proper and well maintained aquarium is a wonderful place to keep fish. Even so, another superb option for fish keeping is a pond. There are also three possibilities as to the environment for the fish-freshwater, saltwater or brackish.
In the event you stop and consider it, you would very likely come up with the favorite fish to keep-goldfish, guppies and angelfish. You are able to keep several different fish together or for propagation reasons keep a number of the same species together. Guppies, characin, mollies, cichlid, catfish, and killifish are the preferred among breeders.
Practicing Fish Keeping
Fish keeping is not really new but a hundreds of years old practice; although, in its origins fish keeping was for food rather than being a leisure pursuit. The religious thought of refraining from eating meat on specified days motivated this practice as fish could be eaten on such days. Fish keeping for food was common in China and Japan; even so, as status symbols royalty started to keep koi fish and goldfish because of their pleasing colors. The practice was mainly centered on pond fish keeping, but to impress guests a few fish were moved within the house to bowls. The ancient Romans are known to have kept lampreys in saltwater pools. Ancient Egyptian Temples integrated fish pools on their grounds.
Many people begin with freshwater fish keeping as salt water is both more challenging plus more expensive. So saltwater is usually only tackled by individuals who are more experienced. However, saltwater displays tend to be very captivating because the fish are diverse and colorful and coral can add color as well. Brackish water obviously is a mix of fresh and saltwater but may perhaps be as difficult as saltwater to keep fish in.
Fish Keeping Conditions
People active in the leisure pursuit of fish keeping are not only focused on fish but also the environment where fish live. As a result, fish keepers are interested in aquatic plants. Some even go to the extreme of creating/growing a coral reef with living coral, algae, sponges and worms. If the reef works then additional living things like crabs, mollusks, and shrimp can be added to the aquarium that is then rightly referred to as a reef tank.
Not surprisingly most fish keepers do not create reef tanks, but it is necessary to establish an environmental ecology that resembles the natural environment of the fish that will be kept. This is the most challenging thing about fish keeping and why many folks don't succeed. You should take into account predator prey relationships when designing the environment deciding on fish. The amount of water is a crucial environmental factor but here surface volume is a lot more important than total volume. Surface volume is the thing that impacts oxygen levels in the water--the larger the surface volume, the higher the oxygen levels. Of course that is why air pumps are employed as they raise the dissolved oxygen levels in the water. This is part of the whole nutrient cycle which must be appropriately taken care of for the fish. Beginners tend to be surprised to find out that it is much easier to do the environmental creation and maintenance properly in a large aquarium rather than small one. This is the case because small adjustments do not have such a significant impact in large aquariums as they do in a small one. In small aquariums making changes as one tries to "get it right" can jolt the system. So the small aquariums are really not the best option for novices.
You will need to also regulate the nitrogen cycle, dissolved gasses and keep the food supply well balanced. A person must also continually check salinity and pH level of the water and take corrective steps if necessary. An individual must avoid using plain faucet water in freshwater fish tanks because it contains chlorine. If you are going to use regular city water you will need to treat it with chloramines which will get rid of the chlorine.
You undoubtedly need different water temperatures depending on the types of fish and the aquarium you are creating. Cold water fish versus tropical fish need completely different temperature levels. For tropical aquariums the temperature ought to be around 77 degrees. A cold water aquarium must be at lower than room temperature and that is obtained with a chiller which is a refrigeration device.
A natural part of creating the natural environment is the inclusion of plants. Plants are certainly more than aesthetics since they can metabolize waste materials including nitrogen. However, you will find there's trade-off, the more organisms you introduce the more complicated the balance and the more difficult it is to maintain everything. Introducing lots of types of organisms is termed biological loading. In selecting what to include, always keep in mind two factors-filtration process and oxygen levels. If you hope to breed fish you have to be much more conservative and cautious with what you add. Breeders also will want to introduce "spawning triggers," certain environmental elements which in turn promote reproduction.
Fish Keeping In Ponds
Instead of utilizing an aquarium another option that is gaining popularity is making ponds in one's garden or yard. You have several of the same considerations as keeping a freshwater aquarium except the conditions will be more natural (though not fully) and the fish are larger. If your house is in a warm climate then tropical fish are a possibility. However, in colder climates goldfish, orfe and koi work well.
I hope this article has done a pair of things. First, it should have given you some understanding that fish keeping is not simple and therefore requires consistent and informed action. Second, with a little luck it has not scared you away from fish keeping as it is a wonder and fulfilling hobby to engage in. Moreover, anybody can learn what they have to know to become successful at fish keeping. Be a keeper of fish!